On Friday, Nov 2, 2018, Islamist gunmen killed at least seven Coptic Christian pilgrims and wounded at least sixteen in Egypt. Bringing an almost one year of calm to an end, the attack occurred as two buses carrying pilgrims left the Monastery of Saint Samuel the Confessor, 85 miles south of Cairo, in Egypt’s Western Desert.
In March, for the third time since the 2011 revolution, Egyptians went back to the ballot boxes for a presidential election. With a 40% turnout and 97% of the vote, Egyptians overwhelmingly re-elected Egyptian President and Former Minister of Defense Abdel Fattah El-Sisi. However, questions remain about the legitimacy of the election, with a lack of competition and reports that some voters were offered incentives, such as food and money, to cast their votes in Sisi’s favor
Organizations operating in a conflict zone have 2 challenges: How to create a secure work environment, and deciding when it has become too dangerous to continue operating. In order to address the latter, a general threat assessment is necessary. In which different incidents are evaluated and sorted into one of four levels. Starting with low threat, and escalating to operation shutdown. In this blog we identify incidents at each level, to make evaluating situations easier, we have added examples of past events around the world for each level.
The Security threat level in Egypt has been increasing since 2011, as the Egyptian Army has waged a war against Wilayat Sinai (Sinai Province). The militant group previously known as Ansar Beit Al-Maqdis pledged their allegiance to the Islamic state in 2014, since then they have been known as Wilayat Sinai. A state of emergency has been in effect in North Sinai since October 2014, where Wilayat Sinai largely resides and operates.